Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary and National Park
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park lies in Nilgiri Hills between south Indian states of Karnataka and Kerala. Mudumalai is one of the first wildlife sanctuaries established in India. This sanctuary is spread over an area of 321 sq Km and is divided into five ranges which are Masinagudi, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi and Nellakota. In the year 2007 Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary was declared a Tiger Reserve. In addition to tiger population you can watch other endangered species here like Indian Elephants, Chital and vulnerable Gaur. This sanctuary is part of the larger Biosphere Reserve area and is surrounded by Bandipur National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary , Mukurthi and Silent Valley National Park etc. which lie in its close vicinity.
Flora and fauna
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary has three types of forests which are tropical moist deciduous forest, Tropical dry deciduous forest and southern tropical dry thorn forest. Trees like Litsea Mysorensis, Cinnamomum malabatrum, Olea dioca, Sneez wort etc are found here along with moist bamboo breaks. Plants like Mengifera indica, Terminalia Arjuna, Indian Roosewood etc. are found in this forest. This reserve is also a home for many wild species of plants and cultivated plants. In fauna, Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary has 55 species of mammal including tigers, elephants, chital, deer, wild pig, leopard, sloth beers, 227 avian species, 34 reptile species, 21 amphibian species and more than 50 species of fishes.
Elephant Safari is the most adventurous activity that you should not miss during your visit to this national park. Watch varieties of species of animals near the Mayor River when they come to drink water. Interact with elephants in elephant feeding camps, or go for camping near Kallatty Falls. Enjoy boating in Pykara Lake as this is also a best site for bird watching activity.
How to reach ?
» By Air - The nearest airport from Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary is at Coimbatore. This is an international airport and is located at a distance of 170 Km from the sanctuary.
» By Rail - The nearest railway station is in Udhagamandalam (Ooty) which is at a distance of 70 Km from Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary. Then the next railways station which is rather bigger one is in Mysore, at a distance of 90 km.
» By Road - Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is well connected to NH 212 and NH 67. You can also get regular public and private buses for the sanctuary from Gudalur which is the nearest town.
Best time to visit - The best time to pay a visit to this national park is between the months of October and March.